I’ve been thinking recently about ways to formalize exactly what makes Christianity different. One way to approach this is through ethics.
In the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle defines virtue as the mean between two vices. For example,
Every ethical virtue is a condition intermediate between two other states, one involving excess, and the other deficiency. The courageous person judges that some dangers are worth facing and others not, and experiences fear to a degree that is appropriate to his circumstances. He lies between the coward, who flees every danger and experiences excessive fear, and the rash person, who judges every danger worth facing and experiences little or no fear.
In picture form, that looks something like:
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